UKRI is funding five interdisciplinary Greenhouse Gas Removal (GGR) Demonstrator projects. Each project is researching a GGR method over the next four years.
The results will be used to shape government decision-making on the most effective technologies to help the UK tackle climate change and reach net zero. Find out about each GGR project below and by watching the video.
The biochar project will address the uncertainties concerning the extent and scope of deployment of biochar, including its stability with respect to carbon sequestration, together with quantifying effects on soil health and ecosystem services, economic viability and also social acceptability. Field trials will take place at arable and grassland sites in the Midlands and Wales, an open cast coal mine site in Cumbria, denuded railway embankments, and forestry sites in England and Wales.
Enhanced rock weathering
The enhanced rock weathering project will explore amending soils with crushed calcium and magnesium rich silicate rocks from waste quarry fines to accelerate natural CO2 sequestration processes. It will also provide the first integrated whole system assessment of the science, societal and scalability opportunities and challenges of enhanced rock weathering deployment in UK agriculture. Field sites are the Plynlimon Experimental Catchments (mid-Wales), Rothamsted Research’s North Wyke grassland experimental platform in Devon, and their cutting-edge arable research facility in Harpenden, Hertfordshire.
The peatland (‘GGR-Peat’) project will work with natural processes to restore, and where possible enhance, the environmental conditions that lead to peat formation. Simultaneously it will develop innovative approaches to increase rates of CO2 uptake and store it securely for millennia. As part of this project, three experimental test locations are being established in representative lowland and upland peat settings: South Yorkshire, near Doncaster; land owned by the National Trust in the South Pennines; and finally, the Pwllpeiran Upland Research Centre in the Cambrian Mountains of Wales.
Perennial biomass crops
The perennial biomass crops (‘PBC4GGR’) project is investigating the potential for plants like willow and miscanthus to support BECCS in the UK. It will demonstrate novel establishment techniques that maximise yield whilst minimising greenhouse gas emissions, and provide an up to date quantification of the scope for Greenhouse Gas Removal. The project will also establish the conditions required for farmer uptake and wider societal acceptance, and investigate the costs, benefits and trade-offs for biodiversity and ecosystem services. New field trials will be developed – for miscanthus at Bishop Burton College, East Yorkshire and willow at Myerscough College, Lancashire.
Woodland creation and management
The relationship between the GGR-D Programme, Demonstrators and CO2RE
Together, CO2RE and the Demonstrators form the UKRI Greenhouse Gas Removal Demonstrators (GGR-D) Programme. CO2RE is responsible for co-ordinating the GGR-D Programme and undertaking solutions-led research on GGR. A key role of CO2RE is to provide insights into the cross-cutting challenges that will be faced by the Demonstrators projects and co-developing evidence of scale and wider acceptability of GGR approaches. CO2RE will provide friendly but critical oversight as the Demonstrators advance, which will result in the co-creation of valuable new knowledge as they scale.
CO2RE is funding four innovative GGR projects as part of its Pathfinders Call 1. The projects explore new methods for capturing greenhouse gases and durably storing or converting them. Find out more about our funding opportunities.
Use of co-pyrolised biochar in Carbon-Negative Hydrogen Production (HyBECCS) from bio-organic wastes
Evolved aquatic microbial communities to sequester atmospheric CO2
Methane removal and remediation using chlorine radicals
Enzyme-enhanced carbon capture and storage solutions in basaltic rock
What is Greenhouse Gas Removal?
Our FAQ page answers questions around Greenhouse Gas Removal, including why we need it, what the different types of GGR are and how they can be pursued.
Funding & secondments
CO2RE holds a £1 million Flexible Fund which will be used to fill in gaps and needs identified during the lifetime of the Programme. The fund will support work to address research and engagement gaps through three approaches.
Browse the latest publications from members of the CO2RE team, including articles in leading journals, policy briefings and reports on a range of aspects relating to GGR.
Event date - February 8, 2023
Join as an expert panel explores risk and uncertainty for actors in the new GGR sector Read more
Event date - January 17, 2023
17 January 2023. Help shape the Greenhouse Gas Removal Future Leaders Network at this sandpit event run by CO2RE. The sandpit will run 10am-5pm. Read more
Event date - November 7, 2022
Join experts as they discuss the role of government and private sector in the establishment, development and scaling of a UK GGR sector. Read more
📢 Announcement! CO₂RE is delighted to be hosting the 3rd International Conference on Negative CO₂ Emissions 18-21 June 2024, Mathematical Institute, Oxford (@OxUniMaths) Register your interest: https://t.co/ik7u2Dn090 Read More
Building the new Greenhouse Gas Removal industry: What roles for the government and private sector? In this new CO₂RE blog post, @georgelnhope reflects on the key takeaways on this topic from a recent event we hosted at @imperialcollege 👉 https://t.co/GKs7qAaa8u Read More